10 Important Inventions
Inventions are the crystallization of human wisdom. There are many inventions and patents in the history of the world that have changed the human life and even marked the beginning of a new era. As for the “greatest” invention, it is really difficult to distinguish. Here is a brief introduction to the ten most important human inventions on list woo. (Voting system) As of 5.6.2019 today, the top ten are:
First place: Electricity
Developed by a large number of inventors and scientists in the 18th and 19th centuries, they each contributed their own modern electrical technology. The invention and application of electricity set off the second climax of industrialization. It has become one of the three technological revolutions in the world since the 18th century of human history. Since then, technology has changed people’s lives.
Second place: Internet
Vinton G. Cerf founded InterNetworking Group in 1972,
Now as Google’s vice president and chief Internet consultant, many people regard Winton Surf as one of the “fathers of the Internet”. The Internet has broken the information asymmetry that has existed in human society for a long time. Any Internet user can browse and publish information and knowledge.
More resources are open to sharing and use by people. 1972 has also been regarded as the birth year of the Internet. However, the idea behind the Internet can be traced back to the end of the Second World War, the era of the birth of the computer, everyone who is interested can go to understand.
Third place: language
Language is something that completely separates humans from animals. People use this tool to exchange information and collide. Also, use this to remember and think.
He is found in all areas of human society, every corner, and is used by mankind from beginning to end. And this great invention has more than 6,000 kinds in the world. At least 3,000 of them are in danger of disappearing.
Some reports predict that by 2050, 90% of human language will disappear from the earth. “The UNESCO representative Bista pointed out at the 2008 International Year of Languages and the Ninth International Mother Tongue Day” forum that the vulnerable national languages are facing the impact of strong languages, the Internet, and globalization and are on the verge of extinction. danger.
Fourth place: wheels
It can be used for transportation as well as the basic principle of most mechanized systems. It is believed that such wheels first appeared in Mesopotamia around 3500 BC. It makes it possible for humans not only to travel long distances but also to transport heavier objects and thus build large-scale cities.
Fifth place: light bulb
When it comes to electric lights, I believe that everyone is the famous inventor-Thomas Edison.
However, in the process of patent application in the invention, some episodes occurred: In 1850, the British Joseph Wilson Swan began to study electric lamps.
In 1878, he obtained a British patent for a bulb energized with carbon wire under vacuum and began to establish a company in the UK to install electric lamps in various homes. In 1875, Edison purchased a Canadian electrician’s patent for electric lights. (Because they do not have sufficient financial resources to continue research), after Edison bought the patent, he tried to improve the filament used.
In 1879, he changed to a carbon filament lamp, which lasted for 13 hours. By 1880, the carbonized bamboo filament bulbs he made had been successfully maintained in the laboratory for 1200 hours. But in the UK, Swan sued Edison for patent infringement and won the case. Edison’s electric light company in the UK was forced to join Swan as a partner. But later Swan sold his rights and patents to Edison. In the United States, Edison’s patents are also challenged.
The United States Patent Office has ruled that his invention has a prior record and is invalid. Finally, after years of lawsuits, Edison won the patent right for carbon filament incandescent lamps. Edison’s biggest discovery was the use of tungsten instead of carbon as the filament. Then in 1906, General Electric invented a method for manufacturing tungsten filaments for electric lamps. Finally, the method of cheaply manufacturing tungsten wire was solved, and tungsten wire bulbs have been used until now.
Sixth place: fire
Here is a little knowledge for everyone
Strictly speaking, “fire” cannot be called an invention patent. The laws and regulations clearly stipulate that scientific discovery is an objective phenomenon in nature and cannot be applied for as a patent. But “fire” does play an indispensable role in the course of human history. There is no doubt about this.
Seventh place: Computer
Turing is known as the father of computer science and the father of artificial intelligence. The famous “Turing Test” is also named after him. The earliest computer was invented during World War II and used to deal with ballistic numbers and numerical analysis.
He also assisted the military in cracking Germany’s famous cryptosystem Enigma and helped the Allied forces achieve victory in World War II. But he was born in the wrong era. In 1952, the British government convicted Turing’s homosexual orientation, and then Turing received chemical castration (estrogen injection). On June 7, 1954, Turing bites a cyanide-filled apple into the mouth and bid farewell to the world at the age of 41.
Eighth place: printing machine
The mobile printing press developed by the German inventor Johann Gutenberg (Johannes Gutenberg) in the 1440s enabled mass production of written text. And used it to create one of the first major printed books in the Western world, the “42-line” Bible.
Ninth place: Telephone
In 1876, Scottish engineer Alexander Graham Bell applied for a patent for his phone, which allowed people to communicate with each other from a distance. Greatly increased the efficiency of information communication.
Tenth place: Penicillin
The invention of penicillin was identified by Scottish scientist Alexander Fleming in 1928 when he discovered that certain molds can kill bacteria. The lives saved by this invention are incalculable.
The above are the top 10 great inventions that voted for the participation in the list woo ranking.